Research from the Yorkshire Building Society (YBS) has revealed that properties in more than half the local authority areas of England, Scotland and Wales are now more affordable to buy than in 2007.
However, the analysis confirms the enormous differences in affordability across the UK, which have been exacerbated since that house price peak of a decade ago, which was followed by the financial crash.
In some parts of London, the average price of a house is now more than 20 times the average wage. Similarly, the Three Rivers council area in Hertfordshire has seen houses become 61 percent less affordable to buy with average house prices standing at £519,992 (an increase of £187,101 on 2007).
That starkly contrasts with the likes of Inverclyde, near Glasgow, where homes are now 42 percent more affordable than they were in 2007, costing 3.67 times the average wage at £104,638 (down from £122,209 in 2007).
According to the YBS figures, 54 percent of local authority areas, including Birmingham, Peterborough, Leeds, Harrogate and Edinburgh, are more affordable now than in 2007 because wages there have risen faster than property values in the last 10 years.
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Distinct divide between north and south
The YBS research analysed 10 years’ of Office of National Statistics earnings data and Land Registry house price data for 32 London boroughs and 324 local authorities across England, Scotland and Wales to create calculations of average house price to earnings ratios.
The findings show that nationally, since 2007, affordability has improved by a total of 0.6 percent across the UK; by 18.9 percent in Scotland and 17.2 percent in Wales, but affordability has worsened in England by 3.3 percent.
Andrew McPhillips, the chief economist at YBS, said: “Unsurprisingly, the data shows that there is a distinct divide between the north and south of the country when it comes to housing affordability, but this has become even more pronounced since the financial crash.
“Across London and large swathes of southern England, which were already some of the most unaffordable parts of the country, it has become increasingly difficult for first-time buyers and those wanting to move up the housing ladder to be able to buy their first or next home.
“However, the north of England, Wales and Scotland present a different picture entirely, with many places, such as Edinburgh, Peterborough and Birmingham, becoming more affordable than they were before the credit crunch.
“While some northern cities, such as Manchester, are less affordable than they were in 2007, in much of the north of England, Scotland and Wales, the gap between earnings and house prices is around a third of the average for London.”
Tracking how affordability has changed
You can use the YBS’ affordability ratio map to track how affordability has changed in every local authority in England, Scotland and Wales over the 10-year period from 2007.
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